Grant by William I of Kingsclere Church and 4 hides and 1 virgate to the New Minster (1072 - 1086)
Regum Anglo-Normannorum: The Acta of William I, 1066-1087, ed. David Bates,
(1998) pp. 985-7.
I William, by the grace of almighty God, king of the English, to all my faithful subjects dwelling within the regions of England. Be it known that I have granted to Saint Peter of the New Monastery and to Ryuullonus, abbot of the same monastery, and also to the monks serving God there, with vacancy [vacantibus] the church of Alton with five hides and the tithes and other revenues which pertain to the afore-mentioned church, and also the church of Clara [ecclesiam de Clara] with four hides and one virgate of land and with the tithes and other revenues which belong to the afore-mentioned church. Accordingly I grant to St. Peter and the abbot Ryuullonus the aforesaid churches with the lands and whatever they have in them free of all service, in exchange for the land of the monks cemetery at the present time named which had belonged to St. Peter and the monks which I have received from the abbot for building my hall, and for which I grant that gift which is now described. But if anyone presumes to attack our grant to St. Peter' church and tries to make void this gift he shall be punished by excommunication for ever because of his profanity. And that his gift and agreement shall be unshaken. I myself place my sign by my hand.
1086 - Domesday Survey
text is based on Domesday Book, Hampshire,
ed. Julian Munby, (Phillimore, 1982). It should be noted that Munby inserts hundreds where he thinks they
have been omitted in the original text, this practice is not followed
LAND OF THE KING In BASINGSTOKE Hundred
The King holds BASINGESTOCHES [Basingstoke] in lordship. It has always been a royal manor. It never gave tax nor has the hide been apportioned there. Land for 20 ploughs. In lordship 3 ploughs; 20 villagers and 8 smallholders with 12 ploughs. 6 slaves; 3 mills at 30s; 12 freedmen with 4 ploughs. A market at 30s; meadow, 20 acres; in Winchester 4 men of the suburb(s) paid 13s less 1d. Geoffrey the Chamberlain holds the land of one of these but neither the Sheriff nor the Hundred have ever seen the King's seal for it. Woodland at 20 pigs.
The King holds CLERE in lordship. It was of King Edward's revenue; it belongs to the day's revenue of Basingstoke. They did not know the number of hides. Land for 16 ploughs. In lordship 3 ploughs; 21 villagers and 31 smallholders with 13 ploughs. 2 mills at l00d; 7 slaves; from toll 15s; from woodland 20s; meadow, 6 acres; woodland at 15 pigs. 2 freedmen pay 13s.
The King holds ESSEBORNE [Hurstbourne Tarrant] in lordship. It was of King Edward's revenue. They do not have the number of hides. Land for 16 ploughs. In lordship 2 ploughs; 24 villagers and 12 smallholders with 15 ploughs. Meadow, 10 acres; woodland at 20 pigs; from grazing 20s. Vitalis the priest holds the church of this manor with ½ hide. He has 1 plough with 2 smallholders, 1 acre of meadow and the church tax which is assessed at 14s.
These 3 manors, Basingstoke, Clere and Hurstboume, pay 1 day's revenue.
THESE LANDS LISTED BELOW ARE FOR THE SUPPLIES OF THE MONKS OF WINCHESTER
In CLERE Hundred ECCLESWELLE [Ecchinswell].
It was always in the Monastery. Before 1066 it answered for 10 hides; now for 7½ hides. Land for 11 ploughs. In lordship 2 ploughs; 18 villagers and 12 smallholders with 9 ploughs. 2 slaves; 2 mills at 100d; meadow, 3 acres. Value before 1066 £7; later £6; now £8.
LAND OF ST. PETER'S WINCHESTER [Listed under MANSBRIDGE Hundred]
In CLERE St. Peter's Abbey has 1 church, 4 hides and 1 virgate of land. King William gave this to the Church in exchange for the land on which the King's house is in the city. Before 1066 it answered for 4 hides and 1 virgate; now for nothing. They appeal to the King as regards tax. Queen Edith held this. There was a hall. Land for 4 ploughs. In lordship 1; 3 villagers and 14 smallholders with 3 ploughs. 2 slaves; a mill at 5s; meadow, 2 acres; for grazing 8d. Value before 1066 £7; later and now £6
LAND OF ROMSEY CHURCH
In CLERE Hundred The Abbey itself holds SIDEMANESTONE [Sydmonton]. It always held it. Before 1066 it answered for 10 hides; now for 7½ hides. Land for 11 ploughs. In lordship 2 ploughs; 17 villagers and 11 smallholders with 9 ploughs. 1 slave; meadow, 4 acres; woodland at 5 pigs from pasturage. Value before 1066 £7; later £8; now £10
LAND OF HUGH OF PORT
In CLERE Hundred 1 hide in CLERE. Fadrelin [Fatherling] holds from him. Saulf' [Saewulf] and Goduin' [Godwin] held it from King Edward jointly. There were 2 halls; now there is 1 hall. Land for 1½ ploughs. In lordship a plough, with 4 smallholders and 3 slaves. A mill at 12s; meadow, 2 acres. The value is and was 20s.
CHENOL [Knowl] Faderlin [Fatherling] holds from him. Alnod [Alnoth] held it from the King jointly. Then and now it answered for 3½ virgates. Land for 1 plough. It is in lordship; 1 villager and 10 smallholders with ½ plough. 2 slaves; meadow, 2 acres. Value always 20s.
TITEGRAVE [Tidgrove]. Faderlin [Fatherling] holds from him. Osulf [Oswulf] held it from King Edward. Then and now it answered for 1 hide and 1 virgate. Land for 2½ ploughs. In lordship 1 plough; 2 smallholders. A mill at 50d; meadow, ½ acre. Value always 25s
LAND OF RALPH OF MORTIMER Ralph . . . hold Chenol [Knowl]. Oidelard holds from him, Cheping held it from King Edward. Then and now it answered for 2 hides, Land for 3 ploughs. In lordship 2; 2 villagers and 10 smallholders with 1 plough. 4 slaves; 2 mills at 11s. 3d.; woodland at 5 pigs. Value before 1066 and later 60s.: now 70s.
LAND OF WILLIAM SON OF BADERON
In CLERE Hundred William son of Baderon holds CLERE [Earlstone in Burghclere]. Sexi [Saxi] held it from King Edward. Then it answered for 4 hides; now for 3 hides and 2½ virgates; Land for 7 ploughs. In lordship 2 ploughs; 14 villagers and 16 smallholders with 5 ploughs. 1 slave; 3 mills at 7s 6d; meadow, 7 acres. Value before 1066, later, and now £7; however, it pays £10.
LAND OF THE KING'S THANES
In CLERE Hundred
Alwin' Wit [Alwin White] holds 2 hides. He himself held it before 1066. Then it answered for 2 hides; now for ½ hide. Land for 1½ ploughs. The plough is there, and 2 slaves. 1 villager and 1 smallholder with ½ plough. The value was 40s; now 30s. Alwin held this land before 1066 under Wigoto [Wigot] for protection; now he holds it under Milone [Miles], and it was delivered to Wigot by Humphrey Visdelupo [Visdeloup] in exchange for Bradeuuatre [Broadwater], as he himself states; but The Hundred knows nothing of it
Edwin Venator [Edwin Hunter] holds 2 hides from the King's revenue. King Edward gave them to him. Then and now they answered for 1 virgate. Land for 2 ploughs. In lordship I plough; 2 villagers and 5 smallholders with 1 plough. 2 slaves; meadow, 3 acres. The value is and was 18s.
Ravelin holds CLERE from the King. He himself held it before 1066. Then it answered for 3 hides and ½ virgate; now for 2 hides. Land for 5 ploughs. In lordship 2; 3 villagers and 18 smallholders with 3 ploughs. 4 slaves; a mill at 50d; meadow, 3 acres; for grazing 6s 2d. The value is and was 65s.
Lewin [Leofwin] holds 1 virgate in CLERE from the King. He himself held it before 1066. Then and now it answers for that amount Land for ½ plough; it is there, with 1 slave. Meadow, 2 acres; woodland for fencing. Value 5s.
Leuuin' [Leofwin] also holds 1 hide in HANITVNE [Hannington]. Estan held it from King Edward jointly. Then and now it answered for 1 hide. Land for 1 plough.
Confirmation by Henry I of his father's grant of Kingsclere Church to Hyde Abbey
Confirmation of the grant by Henry I of the Manor of Clere to the Cathedral Church of Rouen.
of Charter Rolls, vol. iii (1200-1326), pp. 462-3:
Westminster, March 24, 1324, An Inspeximus of the following charter:-
Henricus, rex Anglorum archiepiscopis, episcopis, abbatibus, comitibus, vicecomitibus, baronibus, et omnibus fidelibus suis Francis et Anglis totius Anglie, salutem. Sciatis me dedisse et concessisse Deo et Sancte Marie Rothomagensis ecclesie et Gaufrido archiepiscopo ad opus canonicorum suorum in commune totum manerium meum de Clara, ita liberum et quietum et solutum ab omnibus geldis et danegeldis et hidagiis et placitis et auxiliis et omnibus rebus et conseutudinibus, sicut eum habui in meo dominio in bosco et plano, ita quod ad opus meum inde nichil retineo. Et si quis inde aliquid tenuerit, dissaisiatur, nisi ex dono meo vel per breve meum habuerit. Concedo etiam eis mercatum ejusdem ville et hundredum et forisfacturam et justitiam propriorum hominum suorum. Et hoc donum concedo ego perpetualiter in elemosinam pro animabus patris et matris mee et antecessorum et successorum suorum et meorum pro salute mea et statu regni mei. Et volo et firmiter precipio ut bene et in pace et quiete et honorifice teneant cum saca et soca et toll et theam et infangenetheof et omnibus aliis consuetudinibus, sicut ego tenuet habui in meo dominio. Testibus, Willelmo episcopo Wyntonie et Rogero episcopo Saresberie et Roberto episcopo Lincoln' et Bernardo episcopo de Sancta David et Ranulfo cancellario et Willelmo de Warenna et Roberto filio meo et Nigello de Albinneio et Willelmo de Albinneio et Willelmo de Tancardivilla et Gaufrido de Glintona et Gaulfrido filio Pagani et Radulfo Basset, apud Wyntoniam
and confirmation of the same by the Dean and chapter of the church of
By fine of 5 marks.
[Note; Bernard bishop of St. David's was consecrated 19 September 1115 and Robert Bloet bishop of Lincoln died 11 January 1123.]
Henry, king of the English, to the archbishops, bishops, abbots, earls, sheriffs, barons, and to all his faithful, French and English throughout England, greetings. Be it known that I have given and granted to God and the church of Saint Mary Rouen and to archbishop Geoffrey, for the work of his canons in common, the whole of my manor of Clere, so that free quit and discharged from all gelds, danegelds, hidages, pleas, and aids, with all rights and customs as I have them in my demesne both in wood and field, so that I retain nothing there for my service. And if anyone held anything there he shall be disseased, unless he holds by my gift or brief. I grant them also the market of that town, and the hundred, and all forfeitures and the justice of their own men. And this gift I grant in perpetual alms for the souls of my father and mother and their and my ancestors and succesors, for my salvation and the well being of my kingdom. And I intend and firmly command that they shall hold the same truly, peacefully, quietly and honourably with sac, thol, theam, and infangenetheof , and with all other customary payments as I have and hold in my demesne. Witnesses . . .
Grant of markets at Kilham and Ottery, and of fairs at Kilham, Ottery and Clere
Manor of Clere let at farm for nine years
Licence for dean and chapter of Rouen to alienate the manor of Kyngesclere to William de Melton, archbishop of York
Edward III sells advowson of Kingsclere Church to the Earl of Salisbury
By King and Council
Kingsclere Church is granted by Earl of Salisbury to Augustinian Priory of Bisham